There are two types of jumping. There is good jumping as in I want my dog to jump over an obstacle in an agility run or dock-diving event, or to jump and climb a tree for a trick as I did here with my dog, Duffy; and there is the jumping that interferes and is unacceptable in the home and in public. Interestingly, one can help the other. Making sure your dog has enough daily exercise through walking and free play is a great way to tone down the overly energetic dog, but then comes the important second act–training to NOT jump. And this includes training the HUMANS that allow it to happen and even encourage it in the first place.
Here are three great ways to get the jumping to stop. Remember patience is the key along with repetition in multiple environments both in and out of your home. I do not recommend the “knee to the chest method” since it not only can hurt your dog, but also does not help your dog understand he cannot jump on others.
1. Examine your behavior and those of your family members. Is the dog being acknowledged and petted when his feet are on you when your are standing or sitting? If so, stand up and walk away ignoring until the exact moment…wait for it…when your dog has four feet on the floor. I mark the behavior with an enthusiastic “yes” and bend over to pet my dog. But if the feet are up I fold my arms and ignore my dog until the feet are on the floor again.
2. The Advance and Retreat method is best illustrated by these young ladies in this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=csuMGROvvVU There are many variations on this method of training including when you are alone…tethering your dog and then having you approach in a similar manner. At no time should the dog be on a choke or prong collar. I like the use of a flat buckled collar, martingale or harness. Another method is to give the dog a 30 second time out on the tether and then reuniting with them to show that jumping loses attention and inclusion.
3. Teaching your dog an alternative behavior. I love teaching dogs to “go to their mat” when guests arrive at the home. It takes persistence, especially when linking this behavior to the sound of the doorbell but totally worth it. Another approach used by many trainers is stepping on the leash with two feet and having the dog self correct. Even Ian Dunbar has advocated taking a break mid-walk and teaching the dog to “settle” which is a terrific idea. First we jazz the dog up and then we quickly ask for a DOWN. In public places remember to use something of high value as a reward such as chicken or steak pieces. Initially we start with this high value food and gradually wean them off. http://www.dogstardaily.com/videos/jazz-settle-down-–-sirius-adult-dog-training
Usually it is a combination of methods that gets the job done. When training your dog it is handy to bring a log to class and take notes, then once training at home keep a record of your progress. Dogs learn every moment they are with us, so we need to be aware of what we are saying to them through our interactions with them.
©2015 Dorice Stancher; All rights reserved.
Dorice Stancher, MBA, CPDT-KA has certified thousands of dogs for the AKC Canine Good Citizen and pet therapy wit the Bright and Beautiful Therapy Dogs. She is an award-winning trainer and journalist, and a regular contributor to AKC Family Dog, AKC Gazette, and WebVet.