Dogs need to sniff for mental health

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Dorice Stancher, MBA, CPDT-KA

“I never let my dog sniff,” remarked the gentleman in the tweed blazer, “they are obedience trained.”

Sometimes we humans just don’t understand when it comes to the mental and emotional needs of our dogs. Dogs learn about their world through their noses which according to Dr. Alexandra Horowicz, canine researcher, have 50 times as many scent receptors as humans in addition to an organ called the vemoronasal organ above the roof of their mouths and under their noses. Humans have only six million scent receptors and no additional scent trapping organs.

In a recent article by Patricia Mc Connell referenced a study by Birte Nielsen and colleagues published who published a groundbreaking paper in December of 2015 titled “Olfaction: An Overlooked Sensory Modality in Applied Ethology and Animal Welfare.” They concluded that we humans do animals a disservice by not acknowledging the impact of odor on their behavior and wellbeing. A very good book on the understanding the communications barriers between humans and their dogs is “The Other End of the Leash” published by Mc Connell.

For dogs going on a walk means getting new information by carefully reading smells, while for humans it is taking in the view and covering ground quickly. As dog owners we need to be aware of this conflict and the need to provide opportunities either on or off leash for dogs to satisfy their need for sniffing. There are times when we want our dogs to give us complete attention whether in the competition ring or when training however in order for a dog to truly thrive and be happy, we cannot ignore what he was born to do.

For many dogs, especially those with anxiety, exploring new scents can have a calming effect and even improve behavior. Many dogs thrive on the stimulation from being given the opportunity to sniff and have gone on to be Versatility Champions excelling in many AKC performance sports. Barn hunt and Nosework both rely on scent discrimination and are challenging and fun for both the dog and owner. When walking if your dog is a continual sniffer think about how you can make the walk more interesting. Why not teach your dog interesting heeling patterns, change your pace and incorporate recalls, sits, touch, circles and u-turns? As part of his payoff of treats and praise, incorporating permission to sniff can be enjoyable for him and give you an opportunity to stop and appreciate the view.

What is “Tether” Training?

Sometimes dogs just don’t know how to settle and their over enthusiastic mouthing and jumping is just not acceptable. We are not fans of methods that restrict the dog’s movement and of tie-outs, however this method of training is interesting and useful when working with a professional certified trainer.

Before creating a strategy for changing behavior we feel it is essential to take a hard look at the basic need required by dogs in order to thrive in their homes before adding the Tethering Method to change behavior. When using this method it is best to consult with a professional trainer CPDT-KA certified by the independent Certification Council for Pet Dog Trainers.

All dogs require daily exercise and this includes leash walking that involves training. We advise owners to put the cell phone away and focus on having their dog sit and stay before crossing streets, experiment with different speeds and incorporate interesting maneuvers like calling to COME, LOOK and the hand TOUCH. Before attempting the Tether Method it is essential that the dog have regular exercise prior to training.

But the Tether Method does have a place in changing unruly behavior including jumping on guests and having them learn to settle instead of climbing all over you when sitting on the couch. It is not meant as a harsh punishment but as a “time out” or an opportunity for your dog to re-focus on what he needs to do instead. We keep our tether short and NEVER leave the dog unattended. We also keep training sessions short and introduce the dog in a positive way acclimating and reducing stress.

Pat Miller a member of the Board of Directors for the APDT and a fellow CPDT-KA encourages owners to start by having the dog feel comfortable being tethered, “You want your dog’s time on the tether to be a pleasant experience. Before you actually use it the first time for training purposes, take the time to teach him that it is a good place to be, so he doesn’t panic when you try to use it. Start by attaching his collar to the tether and staying with him. Click! or say “Yes!” and feed him treats, several times. If he knows the “sit” cue, ask him to sit and Click! and treat him some more. Then take a step back, Click! and return to give him a treat. Gradually vary the distance and length of time between each set of clicks and treats, until he is calm and comfortable on the tether even if you are across the room. If he seems worried about being on the tether, keep your session brief and try to do several short sessions a day until he accepts the restraint. Release him from the tether when he is most calm, not when he is fretting. If the tether doesn’t worry him, one or two practice sessions should be all you need to start using it in training.”

This method can also be used for having your dog greet guests politely. As guests approach to pet if he jumps up they can turn away. If he remains with four feet on the floor in a SIT, DOWN or STAND then he can be rewarded with petting and praise. This method can also be used when on leash in public for greetings. Remember to not let your dog get too far ahead of you and get your dog’s attention prior to having him lunge toward guests. Play the SIT game and have friends ask him to SIT before they pet him. Follow with praise and treat low so that he does not follow and jump up.


Dock Diving is Wet, Wild and Wonderful!

Here are a few tips to get started in Dock Diving, the new AKC sport that is soaring in popularity across the country.

Dorice Stancher, CPDT-KA CaninesCanDo, llc 2019®

  • Does your dog like to swim? Since this sport involves water it is important to have your dog be comfortable swimming even if at first with a floatation vest. Take time to introduce gradually accompanying you into the water allowing your dog to make the choice to go further. Bring a favorite toy and encourage him to paddle. This can be exhausting so monitor exertion. Be sure to make these sessions fun and offer a lot of encouragement.
  • Is your dog play driven? In Dock Diving dogs you simply throw a toy for your dog and encourage your him to jump after it. The toys should be both irresistible for your dog and also the right size for him to retrieve. The dock dog’s jump is measured from the where the base of his tail hits the water to the edge of the dock.
  • Does size matter? In Dock Diving dogs into classes by both height and distance jumped. Dogs under 16″ are placed in the Lap class. Within this class there are the Novice, Junior, Senior, Master and Elite all determined by the length of the jump. Dogs above 16″ compete in the Open Class. Within this class there are also sub classes determined by the jump distance. There is also a Veteran’s class for dogs over 8 years of age. There is also an Air Retrieve event where dogs jump and grab a suspended article.
  • Where can I go to get started? There are “Try It” opportunities at some local events which can be found on the North American Diving Dogs NADD website. Many facilities also offer lessons and practice time. For more information on rules and events visit their website at northamericandivingdogs.com
  • Does my dog have to be a certain age to compete? Dogs six months and older can compete in dock diving. Even older dogs enjoy the sport. The atmosphere is supportive and competitors encourage one another to bring out the best in their dogs. It’s wet and it’s a lot of fun.

Dorice Stancher, CPDT-KA and her petite 16″ at the withers Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier bitch have qualified for the AKC Nationals 2016-2018 and placed in the top 10 in the Dock Junior (Veteran) division. She is the first of her breed to compete in the sport and at almost 10 continues to work toward her Dock Junior Excellent title.

The Not So Terrible Teens

by Dorice Stancher, MBA, CPDT-KA Copyright 2019® All Rights Reserved

Every three months is a big change in a dog’s life. Imagine growing to adulthood in only a year! Most owners are not prepared for the changes that come between these three month spans. Today we will focus on one of the most challenging times. This is the time the jumping, counter surfing and leash pulling is no longer cute. It’s a dangerous time because some owners will pack it in and think re-homing. It does not have to be that way.

Here is a simple strategy to get things back under control.

  1. Bring back “Learning to Earn” as part of your normal routine. Have your dog earn everything. This includes food/treats, freedom when going through the door to go outside, the couch, in short EVERYTHING. It really is not as hard as you think and it does not always need to be about sit. It can be having your dog LOOK at you, a trick, anything where there is an exchange for services rendered. It’s good manners and it will help your dog to understand where he fits in. We want him dependent on you.

2. Get the entire family to be on board. Have a meeting and make a simple list of your commands and what is allowed then stick with it.

3. Do things with your dog. Take them for a walk or play with them. Teach them some tricks. Isn’t the reason you got him in the first place for companionship? Check out the AKC Canine Good Citizen program, trick program, pet therapy and other performance events which are for all dogs and not just purebreds. There are more resources available to dog owners than ever before and some excellent advice can be found on both the APDT and CPDTKA sites. Have more fun with your dog.

4. When the behavior is too challenging call a professional CPDTKA trainer and get back on track. Puppies grow up and become teenagers and we all know what that means. They become belligerent and don’t want to listen. They grow into their big bodies and now the jumping up is kind of annoying. Fortunately with a little re-training and some time and patience this will change.

Today is the day to begin rebuilding the relationship with your best friend.

Basics 101: Therapy and Service Dogs

There is a lot of confusion regarding Therapy Dogs and Service Dogs and the testing relevant to each.  We look at the differences, give advice on choosing which therapy organization to join and how to prepare your puppy or dog for this specific type of training.

Therapy Dogs are pets that owners have trained and certified to visit others.  There are many types of therapy organizations both local, national and international with specific rules and guidelines.  

When considering which pet therapy group to join pet owners should consider where they would like to visit and investigate which organization has teams there.  Often therapy organizations will take charge of a visit and not allow other organizations to visit unless a member of their group. Fortunately many visits are also run by the volunteer office of a facility which may set their own criteria and specifics regarding which organizations may visit.  Also important is reviewing the guidelines and testing procedures, along with any additional education required and fees.  

The therapy tests for most organizations consist of some basic obedience work including sit, down, 20 ft. stay and come, plus working with other therapy dogs, friendly greetings with strangers, and working with common therapy equipment including wheelchairs, walkers, four-footed canes and crutches. The test is administered by an evaluator.

The best dog for pet therapy work is one that enjoys meeting people and has basic manners so socialization and basic obedience is an important part of building a solid foundation. If the dog shows fear or aggression toward people they are not good candidates and of course if it is not enjoyable for both the human and the canine companion why do it?

Service dogs work specifically for their handler performing a task.  In the United States there is no central registry despite organizations that claim otherwise.  There are specific organizations that train dogs for service and assistance work such as The Seeing Eye, Canine Companions for Independence and many others.  The new work of service dogs also includes Psychological Service dogs which assist with PTSD symptom intervention, Seizure Alert dogs, and others. These should not be confused with Emotional Support dogs that typical have not had formal training and have come under criticism of late as some pet owners have made unsubstantiated claims.  This was addressed by the major airlines with new criteria for in cabin transport including a signed letter from a psychologist annually with their license and a complete vet exam with temperament evaluation.

The most common test used for service dogs is the Public Access test which consists of testing in public for control, temperament and behavior. The test goes beyond basic obedience and can be found here http://www.iaadp.org/iaadp-minimum-training-standards-for-public-access.html

Service dogs require steady temperament, intelligence and drive. They are often bred for this purpose and are noted for their intense connection performing service for their owners.

There are many individuals who because of their remote locations or unique individual needs may require working one-on-one with a trainer or even training their dogs themselves for therapy or service work.  There are some excellent books on this topic and when reviewing it is essential to check the credentials of the author or trainer. Some therapy dog organizations will certify a team remotely through Skype or video. 

This article was written by Dorice Stancher, MBA, CPDT-KA a therapy dog evaluator for 15 years and professional certified CCPDT trainer.  Ms. Stancher was a featured speaker at the very first NJ Pet Therapy Conference at Morristown Hospital.

Pet therapy teams will often meet prior to starting their visits so that the dogs can relieve themselves but once the visit begins there is often a “two foot” rule keeping the dogs separate and focused on visiting. There are no treats allowed for the dogs while on a visit.
When visiting with children it is essential to control the visit for the safety of the dog. It is a great opportunity to share tips on dog safety and approaching a friendly dog.

Preventing Dog Bites and Having Fun During the Holidays

The holidays are fun and yet stressful for both humans and their dogs.  Even good dogs that never had a history of aggression can bite if pushed to their limits.  Here are some suggestions to stay safe this holiday season.

Prevent stress for you and your dog with regular exercise and mental challenge

When the weather turns cold and our schedules become full often the first thing to go is exercise.  This does not include letting the dog out to go potty and then allowing back in.  We are talking about a real walk with some training involved including waiting at the curb before crossing. If this is not possible move the activity inside.  You can use balance boards, pedestals and other equipment to give your dog a workout. Here is a link to Fit Paws which has an entire line of exercise equipment for you and your dog https://fitpawsusa.com You can also teach your dog tricks which require a minimum of space and helps with both obedience and mental challenge. Here is a link to the “Do More With Your Dog” program http://www.domorewithyourdog.com/trickdog/

Know the signs of stress in your dog

If your dog is to be a part of the activities make sure that he is comfortable and does not show signs of stress which includes turning away,  yawning, lip licking, stiffness, “whale eye”, and growling. It is important to know when your dog is stressed and to provide space and boundaries. https://www.care2.com/greenliving/7-subtle-signs-your-dog-is-stressed.html

Control all interactions especially with children

If your dog is comfortable greeting visitors but is a jumper wait until he is calm and then put on his leash, grab some treats and practice friendly greetings without jumping. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=csuMGROvvVU

Never leave the dog alone with children and set the ground rules regarding human behavior and interaction. These might include not allowing interaction with the dog while sleeping or eating. Here are some great suggestions for setting guidelines with children. https://doggonesafe.com/To-Do-&-Not-To-Do

Better yet if your dog is not comfortable with children give them a break and provide a safe space for them where they will not be disturbed. You can add music as a noise filter, provide them with a stuffed Kong and the security of their crate. In between the festivities be sure to give them a break to go potty.

Use a gate or crate to prevent door dashing

With so any guests arriving it can be an easy opportunity for your dog to sneak out of the house.  Think about your management plan and either use gates or a crate to keep your dog from escaping.

Prevent a visit to the vet

Often well meaning guests may try to feed your dog from the table or sneak your dog a forbidden item. Here is a list of the foods that can be toxic to your dog.  Be sure to share your concerns with guests and remove your dog from where the food is both being prepared and served to avoid counter surfing. https://www.petsbest.com/blog/thanksgiving-foods-pets-shouldnt-have/

Wishing everyone a safe and happy holiday season!

Canines Can Do® llc Modern Dog Training

Practicing Mindfulness and Teaching Your Dog to Pay Attention

Would you believe that dogs don’t transfer behaviors from one place to another?  You’ve probably noticed that your dog is perfect inside listening to commands and giving you full attention and then once outside things change dramatically?  Is this unusual?

Think of it this way, when you are outside of the home or your children do they get distracted?  Do you have trouble getting them off the playground or out of Best Buy where they are fixated on the gaming systems?

With so many wonderful distractions even for us wit our cell phones,  we need to start somewhere.  The first step in getting attention from our dog is to put the phone away. I find this challenging at times but it is a must.  Next is to begin teaching attention.  For us it can be mindful meditation and learning to focus on one task instead of many. For our dogs it means getting their undivided attention.  I start with teaching the LOOK command in a quiet place indoors.  This is a process.  I bring a soft treat to my eyes and when I get eye contact from the dog I mark with YES and treat. I do this about 10 times and then add a distraction like simply putting the food to the side and then asking for eye contact. If the dog does not get it I start again from the beginning. Once this is mastered we begin moving outdoors and gradually increase the distractions. As it becomes more challenging it is necessary to make sure the dog is very hungry and the treats are of very high value like real chicken or steak.

When training outdoors it is essential that the dog be comfortable. There are some that have anxiety or fear issues which can interfere with attention.  Create a safe space when teaching these skills and work slowly toward your goals keeping distractions at a distance and working up to closer proximity.  If necessary contact your veterinarian and discuss options for the anxious dog. Another helpful tool when teaching attention is to use your body by moving and becoming a subject of interest.  Use your voice and sudden movements to get your dog to think you are the most interesting thing in the area.  Another way to get attention is to teach a behavior like TOUCH and reinforce it when in different settings.  I like teaching dogs tricks since they are fun and create attention.

What also helps with teaching attention is to build leadership skills by having your dog earn all of his rewards. This is not that hard when you consider they can earn meals, going through the door and getting on the couch.

Remember that just like with us our dogs can often become distracted but with patience and encouragement we can build a better bond and our dogs will learn that we are far more interesting than this distractions.

Happy training!

 

Dorice